All those who have set their heart on getting an international education, Canada always pops up as the best option for the overseas students. The unique, industry oriented and world renowned education system, conjoined with vibrant work culture and social fabric, makes it the hot destination for the study abroad youths. Canada spends about 6% of its GDP on Education. And, ensures that all its pass-outs get the job in the field of their specialization. Those who wish to stay in Canada after their study find easy immigration and PR policy more aligned to their future goals.
In order to realize their study abroad dream, there require meticulous plus impeccable planning from the side of the prospects. Right from the applying to a college till the graduation, a student comes across a number of terms. These terms baffle him and limit his decision making process. A clear understanding of these terms would not only provide him useful knowledge, but also, make the journey easy and hassle-free. This article will cover ten such terms which an international student should be well conversant with. An in-depth idea of these terms will assist a student to apply visa effectively. And also have to understand all the requirements about visa, study permit, PGWP and much more.
1-Student Direct Stream (SDS):
Besides, Regular SPS, Canadian government has come up with the new scheme to fast track the cases of study permit. On the completion of all eligibility requirements, IRCC processes the study application within 20 working days. This facility is allowed to the citizens of India, China, Pakistan, Vietnam, Philippines, Senegal, and Morocco. The student who apply his study permit under SDS and fulfill all the eligibility criteria, he may expect that the study permit process would be completed within 20 working days and student would be informed accordingly. An overseas aspirant is needed to fulfill all eligibility requirements including proof of GIC of CAD 10,000. Minimum 6.0 Band IELTS test, proof of upfront deposit of first year tuition fee along with other necessary documents. So, for an aspirant foreign student, it is an ideal way to get study permit quickly.
2-Offer Letter and Letter of Acceptance (LOA):
Letter of acceptance is issued by the DLI where a potential student applies for the admission. This letter is the per-requisite to apply for the study permit. It is followed by the offer letter. This is issued by the education institution in response to your application to that institution. And, when a prospect student accepts the offer letter and proceeds with the required tuition fee; LOA is issued. This letter must contain all the information vital to the issuance of study permit by the IRCC authorities. For example:
- The full name and DOB of the student
- The name and full address of DLI
- The DLI Number
- Date of Commencement of Course
- Date of Completion of the Course
- Type of College and details of the person to be contacted
- Student’s ID number
- Name and details of the course and much more
3-Designated Learning Institute (DLI) and DLI number:
As an international student, you are supposed to have fare knowledge of what t designated learning institution is and how it may impact on your future settlement plan in Canada. Generally all the primary and secondary education institutions are DLI by default and do not carry any DLI no. But when it comes to post secondary education, the IRCC permits certain institutes to host international students and for that these institutions are provided with 11 digit number that starts with O alphabet letter.
Only DLI institutions can host international students and to run PGWP eligible program. You should check whether, the college you have zeroed in, is a DLI and ensure that the DLI number to be mentioned in the letter of acceptance (LOA). Just visit IRCC website and confirm the status of your selected college and the eligibility of PGWP. This information will be of immense help while you apply for the study permit.
4-Post Graduation Work Permit (PGWP):
This is one of the milestones in your way to Canadian PR. Soon after completion of study program, a student has to apply for the post graduation work permit (PGWP). Post completion of the study, a student can stay and work in Canada only if he gets PGWP. While applying for PGWP, the study permit of the students should not have expired and the education program must be PGWP eligible from DLI.
The duration of the PGWP depends upon the duration of the study program. For instance, if a student completed a course with the duration, between 8 month to less than 2 year, he would be issued PGWP equal to the duration of his course. An aspirant gets 3 year PGWP for a study program of 2 year or more. The longer duration of work permit makes the chances of PR brighter. Therefore, it is always beneficial for the student to choose a course with minimum 2 years of duration.
5-Social Insurance Number (SIN):
This number is an important number which is issued by the Canadian authority to all its permanent and temporary residents. Without this number a person cannot work in Canada. If you want to avail the benefit of 20 hours a week work permit, you will need your social insurance number. You will need this SIN number to open your bank account as it is one of the necessary documents need to open a bank account. Secondly, if you want to apply for a job, the employer would ask you to present your SIN number along with your resume. And finally, if you need to apply for the government scheme, even then, you would be requiring this SIN number.
As an International student you would be issued your SIN number starting with 9 number digit which mean that it is issued to temporary resident of Canada and it would liable to be renew from time to time. Student can apply it on line as well as though in- person appointment. This is one of the first things which an overseas student should do to avoid any problems in the future.
6-Guaranteed Investment Certificates (GIC):
Those students, who apply for study visa under SDS (Student Direct Scheme) program, need to open a saving account in one of the three banks with minimum CAD 10,000/-plus the service charges as a one year expenses in Canada. Once deposited, a student will get the access of this account only after reaching in Canada. A student can withdraw CAD 2000 after activating this account and the rest he receives on equal monthly basis along with the interest.
Most of the aspirants do confuse between visa and study permit. Students get study permit on their arrival in Canada while visa is just an authorization to enter in Canada. Once you get your letter of approval from a DLI and after fulfilling all the requirements, you apply through SDS program for study permit, which would let you to stay there during your study period. After approval of study permit, authority issues visa to let a foreign student enter Canada.
8-Co-Operative or co-op program:
Co-operative is the unique feature of Canadian education system where the students get real time exposure to working environment. A student may choose either regular full time course or can choose the same course in co-op program by paying a slightly higher tuition fee for the semester in which student would ne away from the class. Under this program student attend the class and work place in alternate semester which means one semester in college while next semester at work place. The best part of this program is that a student gets job experience during his study and the job is fully-paid.
9-Statement of Purpose (SOP):
The document SOP, is one of the most important written-statements. It may prove to be the deciding factor in the approval of a candidate’s college application. This is an essay of about 1200- 1300 words in which a prospect student present his academic and extra-curricular achievements. And, his goals and passions in life, the reason for selecting a particular course and a particular university or college. This document gives a student to express his vision against the selected course and how it would be useful. So, while writing your SOP do mentions the points that help you to earn some brownie points. A prospect student should to keep the writing easy, natural yet error-free and should cover the above mentioned points.
10-Permanent Resident (PR):
Acquiring PR status is the ultimate goal of those aspirants who wish to continue their stay and work in Canada. This coveted status is embedded with lots of benefits that a Canadian citizen enjoys. One can apply for Canadian PR after completion of one year of Job under PGWP. After acquiring PR a person can later be citizen of Canada by fulfilling prescribed conditions under Canadian rules and regulations.
To know more about study abroad, study visa, study in Canada or IELTS preparation, you may visit our office or can log in at www.cosmoconsultants.in. We have an experience of over ten years in the field of study in Canada, study abroad and visa consultancy.